Theories and Issues I
1. This class will provide an historical overview of the development of the relationship of state, society and the economy from the 17th century until today.
2. In this session, students will also get together to discuss possible topics for their own INGO. Students have to consider their main goal, initial activities, and eventually what kind of organization to set up, how to raise funds, hoe to attract members and supporters, how to raise media attention, and so on.
Lecture will cover among others the following points:
I. From civil society to global civil society:
Hobbes: State of Nature, Violence, and Contract
Locke: State of Nature, Cooperation, and Contract
Civil society = “the achievement of the modern world ‐ the territory of mediation where there is free play for every idiosyncrasy, every talent, every accident of birth and fortune and where waves of passion gust forth, regulated only by reason glinting through them” (Comaroff and Comaroff, 1999: 3)
Marx: civil society = Political rights/representation (for more social groups)
civil society = “realm of culture, ideology, and political debate” (Antonio Gramsci)
Gramsci: to get control, parties need to “challenge the hegemony of the bourgeoisie” by infiltrating civil society.
Workers rights, social and economic emancipation
Until the 1960s:
All definition use civil society as a reaction to the state
They eventually target the state (power, coercion, etc.)
Historical Development in the 20th Century:
Japan: Non‐militarist movement (peace movement)
USA: Anti‐Communist Movements
Liberation Movements in Latin America
Used civil society as useful concept
New Social Movement
“Third world” movements
Anti system movements in Eastern Europe
use of civil society concept democratization, human rights, civil liberties, etc.
Establishment of alternative political parties
Establishment of other social movement
Building if infrastructure (mirror offices: NGO‐Ministry)
Global Civil Society
UN Conference on Environment in Rio de Janeiro
II: Types of organizations
Today, we have different types of civil society actors, which perform different roles and use different means to influence society and state:
Advocacy groups and organization
John Keane, Global Civil Society?, in: Anheier, Helmut,K., Marlies Glasius, Mary Kaldor. 2001. Global civil society 2001. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, Chapter 2, pp. 23-50.
Mary Kaldor, The idea of global civil society, in: Chandler, David G.,and Gideon Baker. 2005. Global civil society: Contested futures. London: Routledge, Chapter 6, pp. 103-113.
Mary Kaldor, Five Meanings of Global Civil Society, in: Kaldor, Mary. 2003. Global civil society: An answer to war. Cambridge, UK : Malden, MA : Polity Press ; Blackwell Pub., Chapter 1, pp. 1-14.
Michael Walzer, The Concept of Civil Society, in Walzer, Michael. 1995. Toward a global civil society. Providence: Berghahn Books, Chapter 1, pp. 7-28
Instructor: VOSSE‚ Wilhelm M. | Language of Instruction: J
Major: Global Studies グローバル研究 | Course ID: GLS201 | Course Schedule: 2/M, 2/W, 2/F | Update: 2013.04.01 Category: Major Courses